EMS codes

RECOGNIZED COLORS

Print vers. for EMS-codes

The second part of the EMS code, which identifies a cat’s colour, is always written in small (lower case) letters.
a = blue \ голубой
b = chocolate \ шоколадный
c = lilac \ лиловый
d = red \ красный
e = cream \ кремовый
f = black tortie \ чёрная черепаховая
g = blue tortie \ голубая черепаховая
h = chocolate tortie \ шоколадная черепаховая
j = lilac tortie \ лиловая черепаховая
m = caramel or apricot — for registration purposes only. The “m”, when added to EMS-codes for diluted colour varieties indicates that the cat has been registered by another registriation body as caramel (blue, lilac, fawn + “m”) or apricot (cream, blue-tortie, lilac-tortie or fawn-tortie + “m”).
n = black (“n” comes from the French noir, meaning black) seal (in Himalayan-patterned cats, Burmese, Burmillas and Tonkinese) ruddy (in Abyssinians and Somalis).
чёрный, сил-пойнт для гималайский, бурмезских и тонкинских окрасов, рудди – для абиссинских и сомалийских
o = cinnamon (sorrel in Abyssinians & Somali) \ циннамоновы (соррель – для Абиссинских и Сомали
p = fawn \ фавн
q = cinnamon (sorrel) tortoiseshell \ циннамоновый черепаховый
r = fawn tortoiseshell \ фавновый черепаховый
s = silver \ серебристый
w = white \ белый
x = any unrecognized colour \ непризнанный окрас
y = golden \ золотистый
nt = amber — applicable only to the Norwegian Forest Cat
at = light amber — applicable only to the Norwegian Forest CatRecognized PATTERNS
The second part of the EMS code, which identifies a cat’s colour, is always written in small (lower case) letters.
01 = van
02 = harlequin
03 = bicolour
04 = mitted — applicable only to the Ragdoll
05 = snowshoe — applicable only to the Snowshoe
09 = unspecified amount of white
11 = shaded
12 = shell
21 = unspecified tabby pattern
22 = blotched tabby
23 = mackerel tabby
24 = spotted tabby
25 = ticked tabby
31 = Burmese shading pattern
32 = Tonkinese shading pattern
33 = Himalayan pointed pattern
Coding TABBIESCoding the various tabby patterns can present a problem, especially in the pointed breeds or the Van or Harlequin varieties where only small areas of the body display the pattern. Cats such as these are identified by the code “21″ which indicates that the cat is tabby without specifying th pattern.

In other breeds or varieties where the pattern can be seen, a number that corresponds to a specific pattern usually designates them. A British black blotched tabby would be written “BRI n 22.” The British silver spotted tabby is “BRI ns 24.” Ticked tabbies are confined to the Abyssinian/Somali and the Oriental Shorthair at present. The Abyssinians/Somalis are all ticked tabbies, so it is not necessary to add “25″ after the colour code; but the orientals, which have different colours of ticking, must be identified by a pattern code. A chocolate ticked tabby Oriental would be written “OSH b 25.”

Cats WITH WHITE
Cats with white on them present interesting cases. A black-and-white bicolour is “n 03,” for example; but a Turkish van, because it always shows the van pattern, needn’t be identified by the code for that pattern, “01.” We simply write “TUV” for the breed, followed by the colour code and the eye-colour code because this is a breed that may have more than one eye colour. (The code for unspecified white, “09,” is confined to those breeds where it is allowed, i.e. Maine Coons, Norwegian Forest Cats, the rex varieties and Manx.)

One special case among Siamese is the all-white cat previously known as the Foreign White. The code for this cat is “SIA w 67.”

Recognized EYE COLORS
The next element of the EMS code is a numerical designation for eye color, which must be used with breeds that are judged in separate classes according to eye colour. In white Persians and British, for example, there are blue-eyed, orange-eyed and odd-eyed white colour classes. The blue eye colour that results from the Himalayan gene in Siamese cats is also different from that of other blue-eyed white cats. Therefore, Himalayan blue eyes are given a different code. The orange or yellow eye colour of most Persian and British cats is also different from the yellow eye color of Burmese. Thus, yellow eyes in Persian and British cats are given a different code.

61 = blue eyed
62 = orange eyed
63 = odd eyed
64 = green
65 = Burmese eye colour
66 = Tonkinese eye colour
67 = Siamese eye colour
The code for eye color can be omitted when a breed, the Burmese, for example, is limited to one eye color. The same applies with Siamese and with some Persians and British, for example, the blacks, blues, creams, reds, etc., which all must have orange eyes according to the standard. It is, however, necessary to write the eye-color code with the white cats — Persians and British and some other breeds, as we have explained. So a blue-eyed white Persian is written: “PER w 61″; an orange-eyed white British would be “BRI w 62″; and an odd-eyed white Maine Coon would be “MCO w 63.”

Eye color must also be encoded for silver tabby Persians because they are now judged in two classes according to their eye color, green or orange. Thus, a silver tabby Persian with orange eyes is “PER ns 22 62.” The EMS code for a green-eyed silver tabby Persian would be written “PER ns 22 64.” (In these notations the breed code, “PER,” is followed by “n” for black, “s” for silver, “22″ for a blotched tabby pattern and, finally, “62″ for eye color).

BREED SPECIFIC CODES
These codes have been developed for breeds that have particular charatersistics.

TAIL Codes
Codes that apply to only the Manx and its longhaired counterpart, the Cymric to indicate the amount of tail.
51 = rumpy – no tail
52 = rumpy riser – a tiny rise in the bone at the end of the spine
53 = stumpy – a rudimentary tail not longer than 3-4 cm (1.2 to 1.6 inches)
54 = longie – a regular or near regular tail (these cats are used for breeding but may not be shown)

EAR Codes
Codes that designate the ear type on two breeds. The first one being the American Curl in both short and long haired versions which although having a “curled ear” may produce straight eared offspring. The other breed is the Scottish Fold – again in both short and long haired versions – which may produce straight eared offspring although it has a folded ear itself.

71 = straight ears
72 = curled ears
73 = folded ears

Conclusion
With this information you should be able to work out your cat’s EMS code without looking at its pedigree.

First, locate the three-letter code for your breed. When you write it down, remember that breed codes are always capitalized.
Second, find your cat’s colour in the colour codes, which are always indicated by lowercase letters. Leaving a space after the three-letter breed code, write the colour code. If your cat is a silver, it will always have an “s” after its main colour code. For example, a black silver is “ns”, a blue silver is “as”.
Next, if it is a patterned cat, find the code that corresponds to its pattern. All patterned cats except smokes must be identified by a pattern code. Persians, British and Burmillas can be shell or shaded. A chinchilla is a shell, which means that only the tips of the hairs have colour on them. The code for shell is “12.” Thus, a Persian chinchilla would be identified by the code “PER ns 12.” (Note that there is a space between the colour and the pattern codes, too.) A shaded silver Persian, whose tipping goes farther down the shaft of each hair, is written “PER ns 11.”